The Backstory of the Oldest Subway Ever: Metropolitan Railway

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The Backstory of the Oldest Subway Ever: Metropolitan Railway

On 9 January 1843, with the opening of world’s first tunnel the Thames Tunnel which was built under a river, the first subway of the world was about to emerge. The tunnel was built by the engineer Sir Marc Brunel and his son Isambard.

The Thames Tunnel was very busy when it has been first opened. After that, with a city solicitor Charles Pearson’s proposal, on 10 January 1863, the Metropolitan Railway which is world’s first underground railway has opened. It was between Bishop’s Road, Paddington and Farringdon Street.

The tunnel was originally built for cargo transportation. After the enough money made out of the underground railway, the tunnel was used for cargo transportation. After 1890, the rail would be made electric.

When the railway became world’s first electric railway, it was between King William Street in London and Stockwell. With the electricity, the electric trains could go deeper underground. The name ‘underground’ was first emerged in 1908.

In 1908, also the first electric ticket machine has emerged. And the round shaped logo of the Tube was introduced in that year. And in 1929, the Tube was no longer operated by hand. Also in 1933, the famous map of London underground started to come in shape.

Today, the Metropolitan Railway is commonly used in London and has a historical value. Also it it an initiator for the other underground systems all around the world.

source: https://www.bbc.com/timelines/zxkrb82
source: https://www.britannica.com/technology/subway#ref140354

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